Tokarev TT 30

In 1930, the Revolutionary Military council approved a resolution to test new small arms to replace its aging Nagant M1895 revolvers[1]. During these test, on January 7, 1931, the potential of a pistol designed by Fedor Tokarev was noted. A few weeks later, 1000 TT-30's were ordered for troop trials, and the pistol was adopted for service in the Red Army[2]. But even as the TT-30 was being put into production, design changes were made to simplify manufacturing. Minor changes to the barrel, disconnector[3], trigger and frame were implemented, the most notable ones being the omission of the removable backstrap and changes to the full-circumference locking lugs. This redesigned pistol was the TT-33[2]. The TT-33 was widely used by Soviet troops during World War II, but did not completely replace the Nagant until that war.
MSRP: 
100
Date of Design (year): 
1930
Length (mm): 
196
Barrel Length (mm): 
116
Weight Empty (kg): 
0.84
Muzzle Velocity (m/s): 
420
Headline: 

In 1930, the Revolutionary Military council approved a resolution to test new small arms to replace its aging Nagant M1895 revolvers[1]. During these test, on January 7, 1931, the potential of a pistol designed by Fedor Tokarev was noted. A few weeks later, 1000 TT-30's were ordered for troop trials, and the pistol was adopted for service in the Red Army[2].

But even as the TT-30 was being put into production, design changes were made to simplify manufacturing. Minor changes to the barrel, disconnector[3], trigger and frame were implemented, the most notable ones being the omission of the removable backstrap and changes to the full-circumference locking lugs. This redesigned pistol was the TT-33[2]. The TT-33 was widely used by Soviet troops during World War II, but did not completely replace the Nagant until that war.

In 1930, the Revolutionary Military council approved a resolution to test new small arms to replace its aging Nagant M1895 revolvers[1]. During these test, on January 7, 1931, the potential of a pistol designed by Fedor Tokarev was noted. A few weeks later, 1000 TT-30's were ordered for troop trials, and the pistol was adopted for service in the Red Army[2].

But even as the TT-30 was being put into production, design changes were made to simplify manufacturing. Minor changes to the barrel, disconnector[3], trigger and frame were implemented, the most notable ones being the omission of the removable backstrap and changes to the full-circumference locking lugs. This redesigned pistol was the TT-33[2]. The TT-33 was widely used by Soviet troops during World War II, but did not completely replace the Nagant until that war.

Externally, the TT-33 is very similar to John Browning's blowback operated FN Model 1903 automatic pistol, but it also used Browning's short recoil dropping-barrel system from the 1911 series. The TT-33 is not a 1911 clone, however, as it employs a much simpler hammer/sear assembly with an external hammer. This assembly is removable from the weapon as a modular unit and includes cartridge guides that provide reliable functioning. The Soviet engineers also added several other features such as locking lugs all around the barrel (not just on top), and made several alterations to make the mechanism easier to produce and maintain. Production even machined the magazine feed lips into the receiver to prevent damage and misfeeds when a distorted magazine was loaded into the magazine well[4].

The TT-33 is chambered for the 7.62x25mm Tokarev cartridge, which was itself based on the similar 7.63x25mm Mauser cartridge used in the Mauser C96 pistol. Able to withstand tremendous abuse, large numbers of the TT-33 were produced during WWII and well into the 1950s.

The German army captured a fair amount of TT-33s and issued them to units under the Pistole 615(r) designation. This was made possible by the fact that Soviet 7.62 mm Model 1930 Type P cartridges were practically identical to the German 7.63 Mauser cartridges, and thus German ammunition could be used in the captured Soviet pistols[4].

Production of the TT-33 in the USSR ended in 1954, but copies (licensed or otherwise) were also made by China (as the Type 51, Type 54, M20, and TU-90) and Poland. Hungary rebarreled the pistol to fire 9x19mm Parabellum (as the M48), as well as an export version for Egypt (the Tokagypt 58) which was widely used by police forces[4]. Yugoslavia produced the TT-33 (as the M57, M65[4] and M70A) as well as North Korea (as the Type 68 or M68[4]). Romania also produced a TT-33 copy (the TTC, or Cugir Tokarov) well into the 1950's. These have been imported into the U.S. in great numbers in recent years. However to be importable a trigger blocking safety was added. At one time or another most communist or Soviet bloc countries made a variation of the TT-33 pistol, until it was eventually replaced for use by first-line troops by the 8 round, 9x18mm Makarov Makarov PM in 1952.

Norinco, the People's Liberation Army's state weapons manufacturer in China, still manufactures a commercial variant of the Tokarev pistol chambered in the more common 9x19mm Parabellum round, known as the Tokarev Model 213, as well as in the original 7.62x25. It features a safety catch, which was absent on Soviet-produced TT-33 handguns. Furthermore, the Model 213 features the thin slide grip grooves, as opposed to the original Russian wide-types. The 9 mm model is featured with a magazine well block mounted in the rear of the magazine well to accept 9 mm type magazines without frame modification. The Norinco model in current production is not available for sale in the United States due to import prohibitions on Chinese firearms, although older handguns of the Model 213 type imported in the 1960s and 1970s are common.

Tokarev TT 30 Reviews (1)

Not To Shabby

I was able to grab a few random "old school" weapons that we had in the armory over here and one that I was really interested to shoot was the Tokarev. These weapons have always had an appeal to me for one reason or another. So finally I got to pop off a few rounds.

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4 Comments

6 years 33 weeks ago, 9:38 PM

Dr wrink

Dr wrink's picture

Rank:
Lieutenant Colonel
Points:
77
Join Date:
Aug 2008
Looks good

Looks pretty nice.

4 years 36 weeks ago, 11:21 AM

supershot21

supershot21's picture

Rank:
Private
Points:
1
Join Date:
Aug 2010
haha

i own one and lets say part of it is in my head... i was 4 and it hit me with the recoil and cracked my skull i woke up three days later in the hospital.

6 years 27 weeks ago, 9:00 PM

PoolFrog

PoolFrog's picture

Rank:
Sergeant First Class
Points:
11
Join Date:
Oct 2008
PA 63

How about the PA 63 which fires the 9X18 Makarov..I still carry one on occasions, but hate to fire it.Realy makes the space between my thumb and index finger sore. SO I dont do ant target shooting with it.I was very surprised to learn that a lot of my local Police still carry it as an off duty ,conceled handgun.

5 years 25 weeks ago, 12:47 PM

Spirit986

Spirit986's picture

Rank:
Private
Points:
1
Join Date:
Nov 2009

Can someone point me to a link or mail me technical drawings, machinist blueprints or technical manual for tokarev TT30, TT33 or CZ tokarev m57... Either of those will do good... i need it for my final graduation exam at collage...

spirit.986@live.com

Thanks in advance...

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Tokarev TT 30 Info

Category:
Pistols
Action:
Single action
Type:
Semi-automatic
Caliber:
7.62x25mm Tokarev
Barrel Length:
116 mm
Frame/Material:
Metal
Finish/Color:
Usually Silver
Capacity:
8-round magazine
Sights:
Fixed, Blade (front), notch (rear)

Tokarev TT 30 Pictures (4)

 Twin Tokarev TT 30's
Tokarev TT 30 in Pieces
Tokarev TT 30 Diagram
Tokarev TT 30

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