Type Assault rifle
Place of origin Russia
Used by See Users
Designer Mikhail Kalashnikov
Number built 160,000+
Weight 3.4 kg (7.5 lb)
Length 943 mm (37.1 in) stock extended / 700 mm (27.6 in) stock folded
Barrel length 415 mm (16.3 in)
Action Gas operated, rotating bolt
Rate of fire 600-650 rounds/min
Muzzle velocity 750 m/s (2,461 ft/s)
Effective range 500 m
Feed system 30-round detachable box magazine
Sights Notch rear on sight scale and half-globe post on front
The AK-103 is a modern, Russian-designed version of the famous AKM assault rifle, chambered for the 7.62x39mm M43 round. It combines the AKM design with developments from the AK-74 and AK-74M, with the use of plastics to replace metal or wooden components wherever possible to reduce overall weight. The AK-103 can be fitted with a variety of sights, including laser, night vision, and telescopic sights, plus a suppressor and the GP-30 grenade launcher.
The AK-103 is most likely in limited service with select units in the Russian Army Spetsnaz, due to the good armor and cover penetration of the 7.62x39mm, and is already being exported to other countries such as Venezuela. During the Red Mosque siege (2007) in Islamabad, Pakistani special forces used the AK-103.
Differences from the AKM series include redesigned rear and front trunnions, as well as a 90 degree gas block, AK-74 style front sight block, the use of a black ribbed 30-round magazine constructed of phenolic resin (which is AKM-compatible as well), an AK-74-type muzzle brake, and black synthetic furniture with a heat shield.
The AK-104 is a compact version of the AK-103. It combines features from the older AKS-74U carbine with features from the AK-74M rifle, giving a more accurate carbine. It is also chambered for 7.62x39mm ammunition.
The weapon is essentially a re-calibered AK-74M developed alongside the AK-101 as an updated version of the aging AKM and AKMS assault rifles.