National Post Digital 10-06-26 3:53 PM
How U.S. labour and environmental rules blocked Dutch spill cleanup technology
Some are attuned to the possibility of looming catastrophe and know how to head it off. Others are
unprepared for risk and even unable to get their priorities straight when risk turns to reality.
The Dutch fall into the first group. Three days after the BP oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico began on April 20, the
Netherlands offered the U.S. government ships equipped to handle a major spill, one much larger than the BP
spill that then appeared to be underway. “Our system can handle 400 cubic metres per hour,” Weird Koops, the
chairman of Spill Response Group Holland, told Radio Netherlands Worldwide, giving each Dutch ship more
cleanup capacity than all the ships that the U.S. was then employing in the Gulf to combat the spill.
To protect against the possibility that its equipment wouldn’t capture all the oil gushing from the bottom of
the Gulf of Mexico, the Dutch also offered to prepare for the U.S. a contingency plan to protect Louisiana’s
marshlands with sand barriers. One Dutch research institute specializing in deltas, coastal areas and rivers, in
fact, developed a strategy to begin building 60-mile-long sand dikes within three weeks.
The Dutch know how to handle maritime emergencies. In the event of an oil spill, The Netherlands
government, which owns its own ships and high-tech skimmers, gives an oil company 12 hours to demonstrate it
has the spill in hand. If the company shows signs of unpreparedness, the government dispatches its own ships at
the oil company’s expense. “If there’s a country that’s experienced with building dikes and managing water, it’s
the Netherlands,” says Geert Visser, the Dutch consul general in Houston.
In sharp contrast to Dutch preparedness before the fact and the Dutch instinct to dive into action once an
emergency becomes apparent, witness the American reaction to the Dutch offer of help. The U.S. government
responded with “Thanks but no thanks,” remarked Visser, despite BP’s desire to bring in the Dutch equipment
and despite the no-lose nature of the Dutch offer --the Dutch government offered the use of its equipment at no
charge. Even after the U.S. refused, the Dutch kept their vessels on standby, hoping the Americans would come
round. By May 5, the U.S. had not come round. To the contrary, the U.S. had also turned down offers of help
from 12 other governments, most of them with superior expertise and equipment --unlike the U.S., Europe has
robust fleets of Oil Spill Response Vessels that sail circles around their make-shift U.S. counterparts.
Why does neither the U.S. government nor U.S. energy companies have on hand the cleanup technology
available in Europe? Ironically, the superior European technology runs afoul of U.S. environmental rules. The
voracious Dutch vessels, for example, continuously suck up vast quantities of oily water, extract most of the oil
and then spit overboard vast quantities of nearly oil-free water. Nearly oil-free isn’t good enough for the U.S.
regulators, who have a standard of 15 parts per million — if water isn’t at least 99.9985% pure, it may not be
returned to the Gulf of Mexico.
When ships in U.S. waters take in oilcontaminated water, they are forced to store it. As U.S. Coast Guard
Admiral Thad Allen, the official in charge of the clean-up operation, explained in a press briefing on June 11, “We
have skimmed, to date, about 18 million gallons of oily water—the oil has to be decanted from that [and] our
yield is usually somewhere around 10% or 15% on that.” In other words, U.S. ships have mostly been removing
water from the Gulf, requiring them to make up to 10 times as many trips to storage facilities where they offload
their oil-water mixture, an approach Koops calls “crazy.”
The Americans, overwhelmed by the catastrophic consequences of the BP spill, finally relented and took the
Dutch up on their offer — but only partly. Because the U.S. didn’t want Dutch ships working the Gulf, the U.S.
airlifted the Dutch equipment to the Gulf and then retrofitted it to U.S. vessels. And rather than have
experienced Dutch crews immediately operate the oilskimming equipment, to appease labour unions the U.S.
postponed the clean-up operation to allow U.S. crews to be trained.
A catastrophe that could have been averted is now playing out. With oil increasingly reaching the Gulf coast,
the emergency construction of sand berns to minimize the damage is imperative. Again, the U.S. government
priority is on U.S. jobs, with the Dutch asked to train American workers rather than to build the berns. According
to Floris Van Hovell, a spokesman for the Dutch embassy in Washington, Dutch dredging ships could complete
the berms in Louisiana twice as fast as the U.S. companies awarded the work. “Given the fact that there is so
much oil on a daily basis coming in, you do not have that much time to protect the marshlands,” he says,
Article rank 26 Jun 2010 National Post
LAWRENCE SOLOMON Lawrence Solomon is executive director of Energy Probe and author of The Deniers.
National Post Digital 10-06-26 3:53 PM
http://digital.nationalpost.com/epaper/viewer.aspx Page 2 of 2
perplexed that the U.S. government could be so focussed on side issues with the entire Gulf Coast hanging in the
Then again, perhaps he should not be all that perplexed at the American tolerance for turning an accident into
a catastrophe. When the Exxon Valdez oil tanker accident occurred off the coast of Alaska in 1989, a Dutch team
with clean-up equipment flew in to Anchorage airport to offer their help. To their amazement, they were rebuffed
and told to go home with their equipment. The Exxon Valdez became the biggest oil spill disaster in U.S. history
— until the BP Gulf spill.
Printed and distributed by NewpaperDirect | www.newspaperdirect.com, US/Can: 1.877.980.4040, Intern: 800.6364.6364 | Copyright and
protected by applicable law.