Type Semi-automatic pistol
Place of origin German Empire
Designer Hugo Borchardt
Manufacturer Ludwig Loewe & Company
Cartridge 7.65x25mm Borchardt
Feed system Detachable box magazine
The Borchardt C-93 pistol was designed by Hugo Borchardt in 1893. Ludwig Loewe & Company of Berlin, Germany, a manufacturer of machine tools, produced the C-93, a semi-automatic pistol that he had invented based upon the Maxim toggle-lock principle. He also developed the 7.65x25mm Borchardt cartridge around which the C-93 was built. The Borchardt C-93 was the first semi-automatic pistol to be made in appreciable numbers.
The Borchardt pistol was expensive to produce and unwieldy to handle. Furthermore, its recoil was unexpectedly powerful. Georg Luger studied the Borchardt design and developed the Luger Parabellum pistol in the late 1890s.
The cartridge used in Borchardt C-93 Pistol inspired the development of the cartridge used for Mauser C96 pistol (7.63 Mauser): they have the same dimensions, but the 7.63 Mauser is too powerful to be used in a Borchard C-93.