Borz

Borz

Type Submachine gun
Place of origin Russia ("Ichkeria")
Service history
Used by Chechen separatists
Wars Chechen war
Production history
Designer Unknown
Designed Early 1990s
Manufacturer "Krasniy Molot", Grozniy (main)
Specifications
Weight 2 kg (4.41 lb)
Length 440 mm
Cartridge 9.2x18 Makarov PM
Caliber 9.2 mm
Action Blowback, open bolt
Rate of fire 1000+
Muzzle velocity 286-347 m/s
Effective range Less then 50 m
Feed system 15 or 30-round detachable box magazine
Sights Usually non existent

The Borz (Wolf) submachine gun is one of a number of low cost weapons produced in Chechnya. It was produced in small numbers from 1992 to 1999. It was used primarily by the Chechen separatists.

[edit] Design details

The Borz was initially a near-copy of the Armenian K6-92, which itself was loosely based on the Soviet Sudaev PPS submachine gun. However, individual models can very greatly, since the Borz is neither a single model of weapon, nor made by a particular weapon manufacturer, but a common name for all Chechen handmade submachine guns with some similarity in design and appearance. Some of the Borzes from late 1990s don't follow the original design and have a Uzi-like telescoping bolt and magazine in the pistol grip. These are often referred to as the "second generation Borz" - some of these also featured silencers and 40-round magazines.

Production of the first models started in 1992 at the "Krasniy Molot" plant in Grozny, Chechnya. However, very shortly production at this plant was stopped by the First Chechen War, and moved into underground workshops. According to the witnesses, only a few hundred Borzes were actually crafted at the "Krasniy Molot" plant.

The Borz was very simple and inexpensive to produce, costing about $100 in Chechnya. The receiver could be square steel tubing with a stamped steel dustcover on top and trunnions in the front and rear, although some versions have a round receiver. The bolt design closely mimicked that of the Soviet PPS submachine gun, and the magazine was based on the German MP 40's magazine. The trigger mechanism has features in common with the Madsen M-50, and enables both fully automatic and single fire. The ejector and barrel locking nut also resemble those of the Madsen.

[edit] Use

The 9 mm Borz submachinegun is considered an ideal weapon for sudden surprise attacks. It is a small and compact gun, whose lightness and ease of use makes up for its poor technical quality. [1] Usually a Borz was only used in single fight, due to its cheap construction.

The Borz had a number of advantages, being small, lightweight and easy to produce in home workshops. However, the quality of these submachine guns was usually poor, and they were very inaccurate since most had poor or nonexistent sights, no stock and barrels of poor quality metal.

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