Rosalia Lombardo was an Italian child born in 1918 in Palermo, Sicily. She died on December 6 1920. She died of pneumonia. Rosalia's father was sorely grieved upon her death that he approached Dr. Alfredo Salafia, a noted embalmer, to preserve her. She was one of the last corpses to be admitted to the Capuchin catacombs of Palermo in Sicily.
Thanks to Dr. Salafia's embalming techniques, the body has been well-preserved. X-rays of the body show that the organs are remarkably intact.  The child appears as if she were only sleeping, hence receiving the name "Sleeping Beauty", though due to the discoloration that has become more pronounced in the years following her preservation, it is quite obvious she is deceased. Rosalia Lombardo's body is kept in a small chapel at the end of the catacomb's tour and is encased in a glass covered coffin, placed on a marble pedestal.
Recently the mummification techniques used by Dr. Salafia were rediscovered in a handwritten memoir of Salafia's. Dr. Salafia replaced the girl's blood with a liquid made of formalin to kill bacteria, alcohol to dry the body, glycerin to keep her from overdrying, salicylic acid to kill fungi, and the most important ingredient, zinc salts to give the body rigidity. The formula is 1 part glycerin, 1 part formalin saturated with both zinc sulfate and chloride, and 1 part of an alcohol solution saturated with salicylic acid.