1775 The Continental Congress ordered the construction of a naval fleet.
1792 The cornerstone of the White House was laid during a ceremony in the District of Columbia.
1843 The Jewish organization B'nai B'rith was founded in New York City.
1845 Texas ratified a state constitution.
1903 The Boston Americans beat the Pittsburgh Pirates 3-0 to win the first World Series five games to three.
1943 Italy declared war on Germany, its one-time Axis partner.
1960 Richard M. Nixon and John F. Kennedy participated in the third televised debate of the presidential campaign, with Nixon in Hollywood, Calif., and Kennedy in New York.
1960 The World Series ended with a home run for the first time as Bill Mazeroski of the Pittsburgh Pirates hit a round-tripper in the ninth inning of Game 7 against the New York Yankees.
1962 "Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf?" by Edward Albee opened on Broadway.
1974 TV host Ed Sullivan died at age 72.
1981 Egyptians voted in a referendum to elect Vice President Hosni Mubarak the new president, one week after the assassination of Anwar Sadat.
1998 The National Basketball Association canceled the first two weeks of its regular season because of a lockout.
1999 The JonBenet Ramsey grand jury was dismissed after 13 months; prosecutors said there wasn't enough evidence to charge anyone in the 6-year-old's strangulation.
2000 South Korean President Kim Dae-jung was named winner of the Nobel Peace Prize.
2005 British playwright Harold Pinter won the Nobel Prize in literature.
2006 Rep. Bob Ney, R-Ohio, pleaded guilty in an influence-peddling investigation of Congress.